Course Descriptions

Core Courses

AP/HREQ 1010 6.00 Introduction to Human Rights and Equity Studies
This course is a critical introduction to the interdisciplinary field of human rights and equity studies. The course covers the origins and history of human rights and equity, examining such concepts as natural rights, religious and legal conceptions of rights, and debates over competing and complementary rights. Course credit exclusion: AP/HREQ 2010 6.00 Introduction to Human Rights and Equity Studies.

AP/HREQ 2030 6.00 Theoretical Foundations of Rights and Equity
This course explores the philosophical, religious, historical and conceptual bases of rights and equity. Prerequisites: AP/HREQ 1010 6.00 (formerly AP/HREQ 2010 6.00) Open to: majors in AP/HREQ

AP/HREQ 3010 6.00 Imperialism, Racism and the Global Economy
This course examines how dominant state and corporate entities form an imperial network of global power relations that further economic class division, racial discrimination and refugee migration, as well as a perpetual war economy. The course pays special attention to the categories of race, class, culture and gender as axes of domination in the globalized world. Prerequisites: 24 credits, including AP/HREQ 1010 6.00 (formerly AP/HREQ 2010 6.00) and AP/HREQ 2030 6.00 Course credit exclusion: Prior to Fall/Winter 2018: AP/HREQ 3010 6.00, AP/POLS 3255 6.00 Human Rights and the Global Economy

AP/HREQ 3100 6.00 Research Methods in Human Rights and Equity StudiesThis course is an introduction to interdisciplinary approaches in human rights and equity studies research. Students learn to distinguish between methodology (theoretical orientation) and methods (procedures) as they develop their research question, and become familiar with ethics, protocols, and procedures for collecting, analyzing, and disseminating data. Requirements include completion of a research proposal. Course credit exclusion: AP/MIST 3100 6.00 Prerequisites: 24 credits, including AP/HREQ 1010 6.00 (formerly AP/HREQ 2010 6.00)

AP/HREQ 4600 6.00 Research Seminar (for Specialized Honours Students)

This seminar adopts an advanced approach to research and interpretation, including data collection and analysis within a relevant theoretical framework. Students will develop a research question, formulate a thesis, a complete a substantial research project.  Course credit exclusion: AP/MIST 4600 6.00 prior to Fall/Winter 2018)  Prerequisites: 78 credits, including AP/HREQ 1010 6.00 (formerly AP/HREQ 2010 6.00), AP/HREQ 2030 6.00, and AP/HREQ 3100 6.00, or permission of the Undergraduate Program Director  

Plus 6 credits from:

AP/HREQ 4450 6.00 Theories of Rights and Equity: Advanced Perspectives
An examination at an advanced level of critical issues in social theory with a focus on the ways in which theories engage with concerns addressed by human rights and equity studies practitioners and advocates. Course credit exclusion: (Prior to Fall/Winter 2019: AP/HREQ 4450 6.00 Social Theories and Human Rights Prerequisites: 78 credits including AP/HREQ 1010 6.00 (formerly AP/HREQ 2010 6.00 prior to 2019), AP/HREQ 2030 6.00, AP/HREQ 3010 6.00, and AP/HREQ 3100 6.00

AP/HREQ 4652 3.00 Violence, Enslavement, and Human Rights
Examines violent domination, slave trade and slavery, and the place of enslavement as an extreme form of social exclusion and violation of human rights. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOCI 4652 3.00 (prior to Fall 2013). PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/HREQ 4652 3.00.

AP/HREQ 4740 6.00 Ideology and Freedom of Expression
This course analyzes the role of the state, institutions, and groups in the creation of dominant ideologies. Using select case studies, it further explores the interrelationship between equity, agency, and freedom of expression. Course credit exclusion: Prior to Fall 2019: AP/HREQ 4740 6.00 Prerequisites: 78 credits or, permission of the Undergraduate Program Director.

AP/HREQ 4770 6.00 Democracy, Social Movements, and Freedom of Assembly
This course explores the legal and institutional safeguards required for democratic organizing and action. It takes an historical view of the constitutional and practical measures required to protect the operation of a democratic public sector in varying historical forms of the state, as well as the legitimate constraints on the operation of the right to freedom of assembly. Course credit exclusion: AP/HREQ 4770 6.00 Prerequisites: 78 credits or, permission of the Undergraduate Program Director.

Major Credit Courses

AP/HREQ 2020 6.00 Social Control and the Violation of Human Rights
Description: This course examines how forms of social control can lead to violations of human rights. Topics may include the restriction of dissent; whistleblowing; activism; surveillance and securitization; the impact of patriarchal structures and ideology; and democratic mobilization. Course credit exclusions: AP/HREQ 2020 6.00 Deviance, Human Rights and Social Control (prior to 2019)

AP/HREQ 2310 6.00 Introduction to Refugee and Migration Studies
An introduction to the study of refugees that covers conceptual issues (definitions, refugee rights, ethical norms), history, Canadian policy, and issues in specific areas of the world, including Africa, Asia, Latin America, Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Course credit exclusion: AP/MIST 2000 6.00, AP/SOSC1130 9.00, AP/SOSC 1139 9.00.

AP/HREQ 2440 6.00 Human Rights in the Age of Surveillance
This course explores the ways in which human rights are impacted by the surveillance activities of state, corporate, and societal actors. The course analyzes the effects of practices such as racial profiling, cyber tracking, and government monitoring, and assesses the consequences of surveillance for targeted communities. Course Credit Exclusion: AP/HREQ 2000 6.00

AP/HREQ 3005 3.00 Human Rights and Humanitarian Action
This course explores the foundations, origins and contemporary challenges in the interplay between human rights and humanitarian action. It analyses classical and contemporary approaches towards understanding the relationship between human rights and humanitarian action, including origins of humanitarianism, institutional developments and contemporary critiques. It examines and evaluates underlying principles, concepts, practices and contemporary method of protection. Prerequisites: 24 credits, including AP/HREQ 1010 6.00 (formerly AP/HREQ 2010 6.00)

AP/HREQ 3020 3.00 Commemoration and Human Rights Pedagogy
This course explores a range of commemorative gestures and remembrance practices that seek to come to terms with past atrocities. Memory, emotion, and imagination in the aftermath of mass violence are examined through trials, truth commissions, museums, memorials, and art exhibits. Prerequisite: 24 credits Course credit exclusion: Prior to Fall 2019: AP/HREQ/HUMA 3020 3.00 Rights Commemoration and Human Rights Pedagogy

AP/HREQ 3120 3.00 Human Rights and the Canadian Charter
Examines the Charter in relation to the question of fundamental human rights and equity in Canada. Because that question/debate invariably exceeds national borders, the course situates the Charter in the larger context of an international human rights discourse. Thus, the Charter is compared to prominent international human rights instruments such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Corequisites: AP/HREQ 2010 6.00

AP/HREQ 3150 6.00 International Frameworks for Human Rights
This course provides students with a particular interdisciplinary and multicultural understanding of international frameworks for the protection of human rights. It analyses the historical and philosophical foundation of international human rights, critically examining the sources of international human rights law, including institutions and dedicated regional and universal enforcement mechanisms.

AP/HREQ 3240 6.00 Human Rights in the Middle East
This course studies human rights in the Middle East from an interdisciplinary perspective with attention on five countries--Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Palestine, Syria. Subject matter will provide understandings in legacies of colonialism, and militarism. Current regional struggles will be discussed within the global context of state (re)building, migration, reconciliation and peace processes Prerequisites: AP/HREQ 1010 6.00

AP/HREQ 3350 6.00 Muslim Diasporas and the West
This course examines the experience of Muslim immigrants and refugees from the Indian subcontinent, Africa and the Middle East, with particular attention to policies and practices of the receiving country, as well as issues of ethnicity, religion, class, gender, cultural change, and equity.  Course credit exclusion: AP/MIST 3350 6.00 Muslim Diasporas in the West. Prerequisite: 24 credits

AP/HREQ 3370 Migrant Women’s Experiences
This course examines the forced and voluntary movement of women and their historic, socio-economic and cultural situation from a comparative interdisciplinary perspective. It analyzes the economy, the state and dominant cultural attitudes in terms of gender, class, race, and equity.  Course credit exclusion: AP/MIST 3370 6.00 Immigrant Women in Canada Prerequisite: 24 credits

AP/HREQ 3410 6.00 Human Rights and Urban Space
This course examines the way space is organized in cities as a product of purposeful social practice with implications for equity and human rights. Topics explored include the differential impact of spatial processes and environmental manipulations on cities, as well as in communities.

AP/HREQ 3450 6.00 Legal Institutions and Social Justice
This course examines the impact of legal institutions on equity in civil society. Topics explored include transformative/restorative justice, racism and racial profiling, moral regulation, nation-building, and the influence of different cultural legal traditions. Prerequisites: 24 credits, including AP/HREQ 1010 6.00 (formerly AP/HREQ 2010 6.00) and AP/HREQ 2030 6.00

AP/HREQ 3485 3.00 Migrant Workers and Human Rights
Examines precarious forms of labour migration in the context of human rights legislation, migrant "illegality," and migrant counterstrategies. It looks at the impacts on migrants and their families of global economic restructuring, and whether human rights protocols provide an adequate response to them. Special attention is given to community initiatives. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOCI 3790 3.00 (prior to Fall 2013).

AP/HREQ 3561 6.00 Canadian State Practices, Law, and Racism
Description: This course discusses Canadian legal provisions with explicit racial content, beginning with the Indian Act (1876); the Continuous Journey Regulation (1908), which effectively barred South Asians; the Chinese Exclusion Act (1923); the rejection of Jewish refugees in the first part of the 20th century, and Japanese Canadian internment during World War II—as well as contemporary racism and efforts at redress in the criminal justice system. Course credit exclusion: AP/MIST 3561 6.00 Racism and the Law (prior to Fall 2017).   Prerequisites: 24 credits

AP/HREQ 3562 6.00 Health in a Multicultural Context
This course examines concepts of health, race, and culture from a cross-cultural perspective, critically analyzing racial and cultural stratification in health policies and practices. Course credit exclusion: AP/MIST 3562 6.00 Health, Culture and “Race”

Prerequisite: 24 credits

AP/HREQ 3580 6.00 Ethnicity, Equity, and Inclusion
This course explores the experiences of ethnic groups in Canada, including their prospects and struggles. Topics explored include leadership, institutions, the evolution of ethnic identity, and the impact of Canadian policies. Course credit exclusion: AP/MIST 3580 6.00 Ethnic Communities in Canada Prerequisite: 24 credits

AP/HREQ 3604 6.00 Racism and Culture
An approach to racism and resistance in relation to cultural theory, with application to literature and film and to popular forms such as television, newspapers, advertising and popular music. The course focuses on power relations involving gender, sexuality, 'race' and social class. Course credit exclusion: AP/MIST 3604 6.00 (prior to Winter 2019; AP/REI 3604 6.00 (prior to Fall 2013). PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOCI 3604 6.00, AK/SOCI 3890E 6.00 (prior to Fall/Winter 1995-1996), AK/SOCI 3640E 6.00 (prior to Fall/Winter 2004-2005). Prerequisite: 24 credits

AP/HREQ 3605 6.00 Race and Diversity in Education
This course identifies and explains stereotyping, discrimination and institutionalized racism in the school system. Linkages of racism to class, gender, language, religious difference and other forms of diversity are analyzed and strategies for achieving social equity are explored.  Course Prerequisites: 24 credits

 AP/HREQ 3610 6.00 Global Migration and Diasporic Cultures
This course examines migration and diasporic cultures in historical and comparative perspective, including patterns of forced displacement and migrant labour, and issues of citizenship, racism, religious and ethnic identity. Course credit exclusion: AP/MIST 3610 6.00 Global Migration and Diaspora Cultures Prerequisite: 24 credits

AP/HREQ 3624 6.00 Canadian Immigration Policy and Settlement
This course explores the role of the Canadian state in the economy through its policies and programs in the areas of immigration and settlement. Barriers and positive initiatives are discussed, and a comparative perspective is incorporated.  Course credit exclusion: AP/MIST 3624 6.00 Canadian Immigration Policy and Settlement Prerequisite: 24 credits

AP/HREQ 3645 6.00 Women, Racism, and Equity
This course examines the ideology of misogyny and its intersection with racism in institutional contexts such as education, the workplace, the criminal justice and healthcare systems, media, religion, and immigration.

AP/HREQ 3680 6.00 Racism in Canada
This course examines racial discrimination as affected by institutional practices in Canada, together with efforts to affirm principles of equity. Topics may include: immigration, police and the criminal justice system, education, hospitals, media, and private corporations. Course credit exclusions: AP/MIST 3680 6.00 Racism in Canada   Prerequisites: 24 credits

AP/HREQ 3800 3.00/6.00 Human Rights, Islamic Thought, and Politics
Critically examines the relationship between Islam and human rights. Describes the state of human rights in Muslim-majority countries and debates within them and amongst Muslim minorities in liberal democracies over the compatibility of human rights claims with Islamic principles. Course credit exclusion: AP/HREQ 3800 3.00

AP/HREQ 3830 6.00 Women's Health and Equity
Women, family health care and medical practice examined in historical and cross-cultural perspective. Areas of discussion: women's roles as mothers, patients, lay healers, midwives, employees and health professionals; childbirth, abortion, menstruation, sexuality and menopause; medicalization and social control; medical sexism and racism. Prerequisite: A 1000-level social science course. Course credit exclusions: None. Prior TO FALL 2009: Prerequisite: A 1000-level social science course. Course credit exclusion: AK/SOCI 3391G 3.00 (prior to Summer 1992), AK/SOCI 3830 6.00.

AP/HREQ 3890 3.00/6.00 Social Justice: Theory and Practice
This course addresses inequality and domination, resistance and collective empowerment, in Canada and beyond, and examines the historical importance and the contemporary relevance of struggles to overcome inequality and injustice. Prerequisite: 24 credits

AP/HREQ 3891 6.00 Gender, Religion, and Human Rights
Description: This course analyzes culturally-rooted practices and ideological and political factors that justify or rationalize the inequitable treatment of women and children and sexual or religious minorities, with special attention to the legitimizing role of religion and movements for change.

AP/HREQ 3892 3.00 Community Action and Social Justice
This course encourages students to engage in debate, dialogue, and critical analysis of strategies designed to enhance individual and collective rights, responsibilities, and equity, including an interrogation of the concepts of advocacy, social movements, empowerment and community accountability. Prerequisite: 24 credits

AP/HREQ 3961 3.00 International Human Rights and Children
Description: This course connects economic, social, and structural powers that allow violence against children, drawing on expressive literature as well as social science materials. Topics include the Convention on the Rights of the Child and other legislation for children, UN children organizations, and the role of civil society and government.

AP/HREQ 3962 3.00 Trauma, Social Dislocation, and Human Rights
The course examines violence, torture and inhumane treatment understood as health issues and as issues in international human rights. It engages with survivors' experiences in countries of origin and the human costs and challenges of the entry process in Canada. Prerequisite: 24 credits

AP/HREQ 3963 3.00 Language, Linguistic Rights, and Human Rights
Description: This course explores issues involving the social and cultural impact of language; gives students the conceptual tools to analyze the relationship between linguistic rights and human rights; and discusses topics such as language and identity, ethnolinguistic nationalism, and the emergence of new languages.

AP/HREQ 3964 3.00 Equity and Human Rights in Schooling
This course examines issues of inequality and equity in education from a critical human rights perspective. It engages with literature linking educational rights to human rights, adopting a comparative perspective throughout. Efforts to achieve equity in education are examined. Prerequisite: 24 credits

AP/HREQ 3990 3.00/6.00 Directed Reading/Supervised Study
This course enables students to do a supervised 6-credit 3000-level directed reading course. Students must be accepted by a faculty supervisor before they can register in the course. The course transaction form for this course must be submitted with the supervisor’s name and signature stating his/her willingness to supervise the student. Note: only 6 credits of 3000-level reading courses are permitted for a BA in Human Rights and Equity Studies. Prerequisites: 48 credits, including AP/HREQ 1010 6.00; AP/HREQ 2030 6.00

AP/HREQ 4040 6.00 Jewish Diasporas
Description: An examination of Jewish communities in a variety of historical and contemporary settings, including immigration experience, family life, culture and identity.

Course credit exclusion: AP/MIST 4040 6.00 Jewish Communities

AP/INDG/HREQ 4050 6.00 Slavery, Colonialism, and African Communities in the Americas
This course focuses on slavery and post-slavery among African-descendants in United States, the Caribbean, Brazil, and Mexico, while also considering historical origins of anti-black racism, Atlantic slave trade and the impact of colonial land appropriation and the enslavement process on Indigenous communities in Americas. Course credit exclusion: AP/MIST 4050 6.00 Prerequisites: 78 credits, or permission from the undergraduate program director

AP/HREQ 4052 6.00 Race, Ethnicity, and Social Policy
Focuses on training students to analyze and construct public policy analysis on social issues through the lens of race and ethnicity. Through this course, public policy analysis will be utilized as a tool for understanding and impacting the prevailing social agenda from a race and ethnicity perspective. Course credit exclusions: AP/MIST 3680 6.00, AP/REI 3680 6.00 (prior to Fall 2013), AP/SOCI 3680 6.00 (prior to Fall 2012), AP/MIST 4052 3.00 Previously offered as: AP/MIST 4052 3.00.

AP/HREQ 4081 6.00 Gender, Culture and Society in the Middle East
This course examines culture and social change in the Middle East, with a specific focus on the politics of religion, gender and identity, both within and beyond the region's borders. Case studies may include such countries as Algeria, Egypt, Iran, Israel, Pakistan and Turkey. Course credit exclusion: AP/MIST 4081 6.00 (prior to Winter 2019). Prerequisites: 78 credits, or permission from the Undergraduate Program Director.

AP/HREQ 4600 6.00 Research Seminar
This seminar adopts an advanced approach to research and interpretation, including data collection and analysis within a relevant theoretical framework. Students will develop a research question, formulate a thesis, a complete a substantial research project.  Course credit exclusion: AP/MIST 4600 6.00 prior to Fall/Winter 2018)  Prerequisites: 78 credits, including AP/HREQ 1010 6.00 (formerly AP/HREQ 2010 6.00), AP/HREQ 2030 6.00, and AP/HREQ 3100 6.00, or permission of the Undergraduate Program Director   

AP/HREQ 4650 3.00 Equity in the Workplace: Labour Rights and Human Rights
This course examines initiatives to promote equity in the workplace.  The course explores public policy strategies to address intersectional inequalities and assesses recent efforts to establish international labour standards and occupational health and safety as fundamental human rights.  Prerequisites: 78 credits or permission from the Undergraduate Program Director.

AP/HREQ 4651 3.00 Chinese Rights and Virtues in East Asia
This course compares Chinese virtues of benevolence, propriety, righteousness, wisdom and faithfulness with Western human rights in both contemporary and ancient perspectives. It contrasts universal claims of Western social and cultural rights with particular forms of virtue in Chinese society. Prerequisites: 78 credits, or permission from the course director. Course credit exclusion: AP/PHIL 4651 3.00 (prior to Summer 2018)

AP/HREQ 4652 3.00 Violence, Enslavement, and Human Rights
Examines violent domination, slave trade and slavery, and the place of enslavement as an extreme form of social exclusion and violation of human rights. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOCI 4652 3.00 (prior to Fall 2013). PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/HREQ 4652 3.00.

AP/HREQ 4720 3.00/6.00 Directed Reading/Special Study
This course provides an opportunity for students to carry out an independent research project under the supervision of a faculty member. The student selects a research issue, formulates related research questions, and sets the project within a theoretical context. Prerequisites: 78 credits, including AP/HREQ 2030 6.00 & AP/HREQ 3100 6.00 or permission of the Undergraduate Program Director. Note: Students must be accepted by a faculty supervisor before they can register in the course. This acceptance must be recorded on the course transaction form. This course is available only for Honours and Specialized Honours students.

HREQ 4740 6.00 Ideology and Freedom of Expression
This course analyzes the role of the state, institutions, and groups in the creation of dominant ideologies. Using select case studies, it further explores the interrelationship between equity, agency, and freedom of expression. Course credit exclusion: Prior to Fall 2019: AP/HREQ 4740 6.00 Prerequisites: 78 credits or, permission of the Undergraduate Program Director.

AP/HREQ 4770 6.00 6.00 Democracy, Social Movement and Freedom of Assembly
This course explores the legal and institutional safeguards required for democratic organizing and action. It takes an historical view of the constitutional and practical measures required to protect the operation of a democratic public sector in varying historical forms of the state, as well as the legitimate constraints on the operation of the right to freedom of assembly. Course credit exclusion: AP/HREQ 4770 6.00 Prerequisites: 78 credits or, permission of the Undergraduate Program Director.

AP/HREQ 4772 6.00 Migration and Refugee Protection
This seminar provides students with a critical analysis of the politics of migration and refugee protection. It develops an interdisciplinary and multicultural understanding of the nature and evolution of national and international refugee regimes, with emphasis on the different types of actors, structures, processes and norms that organise and control borders. Prerequisites: 78 credits, including AP/HREQ 1010 6.0 or permission from the Undergraduate Program Director

APHREQ 4800 6.00 Honours Thesis
This course requires students to plan, develop and execute a research project.  This project consists of a literature review, a proposal and a major paper.  Note: Student must be accepted by a faculty supervisor before they can register in the AP/HREQ 4800 Honours Thesis course.  The course transaction from for this course must be signed stating the faculty member’s willingness to supervise.  This course is available only to Honours and Specialized Honours students.

Prerequisites: 78 credits, including AP/HREQ 2030 6.00 and AP/HREQ 3100 6.00, or permission of the Undergraduate Program Director

AP/HREQ 4820 6.00 Atrocity, Genocide, and Crimes Against Humanity
The overall aim of the course is to develop a critical understanding of genocide and to develop the student’s ability to analyze genocide in both historical and contemporary contexts. The course will examine the causes and consequences of genocide. Genocides studied include Indigenous, Armenian, the Holocaust, Cambodian, Rwandan, former Yugoslavian, and others. Students will investigate the terms genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes and explore them through the lens of human rights and equity.  Course credit exclusion: AP/HREQ/SOCI 4020 6.00 Crime and Deviance (prior to Fall 2019). Prerequisites: 78 credits, or permission of the Undergraduate Program Director.

INDG 2030 6.00 Racism and Colonialism cross-listed to AP/HREQ 2030 6.00
This course examines colonialism and racial conflict in historical and comparative perspective, including a discussion of links between racism and sexism, and the experience of Indigenous peoples. Examples are drawn from Africa, Asia, the Americas and the Middle East.